Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia, is a sovereign state at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean. Its capital and, also, the largest city is Zagreb.
Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometers and has diverse, mostly continental and Mediterranean climates. Croatia’s Adriatic Sea coast contains more than a thousand beautiful islands. The country’s population is 4.28 million, most of whom are Croats.
The Croats arrived in the area of present-day Croatia during the early part of the 7th century AD. After the first king Tomislav elevated Croatia to the status of a kingdom, Croatia was sovereign for nearly two centuries.
Croatia entered a personal union with Hungary in 1102. In 1527, due to facing with Ottoman conquest, the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand I to the Croatian throne. In 1918, after World War I, Croatia was a part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. It seceded from Austria-Hungary and merged into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
A fascist Croatian puppet state existed during World War II. After the war, the country became a founding member and a federal constituent of Second Yugoslavia. In June 1991, Croatia declared independence. The Croatian War of Independence was fought successfully during the four years following the declaration.
Croatia is a member of the European Union (EU), United Nations (UN), the Council of Europe, NATO, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. Certainly, the European Union is Croatia’s most important trading partner. Since 2000, the Croatian government has invested a lot in infrastructure, especially transport routes. Internal sources produce a significant portion of energy.
The service sector dominates the country’s economy and tourism is a significant source of revenue making Croatia one of the top 20 most popular tourist destination in the world.