Croatia is a country located in Southeast Europe, at the crossroads of Central Europe and the Mediterranean. It has a population of over 4 million people, most of whom are Croats. The country covers an area of 56,594 square kilometers and has a diverse climate, ranging from continental to Mediterranean. Croatia’s Adriatic Sea coast is home to over a thousand beautiful islands.
Croatia has a rich history dating back to the 7th century AD, when the Croats first arrived in the area. The country became a kingdom under the first king, Tomislav, and remained sovereign for nearly two centuries. In 1102, Croatia entered a personal union with Hungary. In the face of Ottoman conquest, the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand I as the Croatian king in 1527.
After World War I, Croatia became part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, and later merged into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After the World War II, the country became a founding member and federal constituent of the Second Yugoslavia. In 1991, Croatia declared its independence, and the Croatian War of Independence was fought for four years.
Croatia is a member of the European Union, United Nations, Council of Europe, NATO, and World Trade Organization, and is a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. The country’s economy is dominated by the service sector, and tourism is a major source of revenue. The European Union is Croatia’s biggest trading partner, and the Croatian government has invested heavily in infrastructure and energy production. Overall, Croatia is a popular tourist destination and an important player in the region.